Jati Diri Sarjana Kesehatan Masyarakat (SKM)

Jati Diri SKM

Jati Diri Sarjana Kesehatan Masyarakat (SKM)

SKM adalah tenaga pengelola program kesehatan yang diarahkan untuk memecahkan masalah kesehatan masyarakat dengan pendekatan multi disipliner (Panduan Pendidikan FKM Unair, 2003)

Public Health Definition : Society’s obligation to assure the conditions for people’s health

· Mission:

Ø To promote physical and mental health

Ø To prevent disease, injury, and disability

Ø Functions

Ø To assemble and analyze community health needs

Ø To develop policy informed through scientific knowledge

Ø To assure the community by providing services necessary for its health

· Expertise / Skills

Ø Epidemiology and biostatistics

Ø Education and communication

Ø Leadership and politics

· Eight skill domains (HRSA’s Public Health Training Centers : Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals) :

Ø Analytic/Assessment

Ø Basic Public Health Sciences

Ø Cultural Competency

Ø Communication

Ø Community Dimensions of Practice

Ø Financial Planning and Management

Ø Leadership and Systems Thinking

Ø Policy Development/Program Planning

Winslow : the science and the art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts for the sanitation of the environment, the control of community infections, the education of the individual in principles of personal hygiene, [and] the organization of medical and nursing service for the early diagnosis and preventive treatment of disease.

APHA : assessment and monitoring of the health of communities and populations at risk to identify health problems and priorities; formulating public policies, in collaboration with community and government leaders, designed to solve identified local and national health problems and priorities; assuring that all populations have access to appropriate and cost-effective care, including health promotion and disease prevention services, and evaluation of the effectiveness of that care

The Ten Essential Public Health Services

1. Monitor health status to identify community health problems

2. Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community

3. Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues

4. Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems

5. Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts

6. Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety

7. Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable

8. Assure a competent public health and personal health care workforce

9. Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services

10. Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems

10 KOMPETENSI PROFESI KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT

1. Surveilans & penilaian kesehatan dan kesejahteraan masyarakat (termasuk manajemen, analisis & interpretasi informasi, pengetahuan dan statistik)

2. Promosi & perlindungan kesehatan dan kesejahteraan masyarakat

3. Pengembangan mutu & manajemen risiko dalam budaya evaluasi

4. Pengembangan kemitraan dalam bidang kesehatan

5. Pengembangan program & pelayanan kesehatan dan mengurangi ketidak-seimbangan (reducing inequalities)

6. Bekerja dengan dan untuk masyarakat

7. Kepemimpinan stratejik bidang kesehatan

8. Riset dan pengembangan

9. Manajemen diri, orang lain dan sumber daya sesuai etika.

10. Pengembangan kebijakan & strategi serta implementasinya

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